Cervical cancer is a condition that starts in the uterine cervix, and can be fatal. In fact, according to Medicine.net, it remains a common cause of cancer death in developing countries without access to screening (pap testing) for cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is usually caused by a longstanding sexually transmitted HPV infection. While most HPV infections do not cancer, the specific kinds that do have been identified as the causes of mouth, lung, throat, penis and cervix cancers.
Risk factors also exist including the following:
- Tobacco smoking
- Family history
- Use of oral contraceptives
- Chlamydia infection (past or present)
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Pain during sex
- Pelvic pain
- Bleeding after menopause
For more information about cervical cancer, including treatments, speak to your gynaecologist.